Bernd Black

Abstract by Dr. Bernd Schwarze, Institute for Forensic Medicine at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

Legal highs

Based on his many years of experience in forensic medicine analysis of intoxicants, Dr. Bernd Schwarze from the Chair of Forensic Medicine gave an exciting and anecdotal insight into the subject of "legal highs". This is about intoxicants that are not (yet) recorded in the Narcotics Act (BtMG) and the distribution of which is therefore not punishable. Often these are sold under cover names as bath additives or incense. Since the BtMG is formulated specifically for the substance, a small chemical modification is often sufficient to produce a new ?legal? drug. The lecture exemplifies the chemical development of such legal highs on the basis of known intoxicants and discusses the dangers of the little to unknown side effects, which are often first tested on the consumer. The chemical background also provides information about the surprisingly professional production and distribution channels of legal highs.

Curriculum Vitae of Dr. Bernd Black



  • 1987?1993 Degree in chemistry, University of Bayreuth
  • 1992?1993 Diploma thesis on the subject of "Synthesis and reactivity of N-pyrrolylboranes" under the supervision of Prof. Dr. B. Wrackmeyer

Professional background


  • 1993?1996 Research Associate, Institute for Inorganic Chemistry II, University of Bayreuth (Head: Prof. Dr. M. Herberhold)
  • 1993?1995 Preparation of the dissertation on "New ways to build boron-nitrogen bonds in N-pyrrolylboranes and N-silylaminoboranes" in the working group of Prof. Dr. B. Wrackmeyer
  • 1995 Additional qualification in the basics of Toxicology as well as proof of expertise in handling hazardous substances
  • 1996 Defense of the dissertation (magna cum laude)
  • 1996?1997 collaboration with Prof. Dr. B. Wrackmeyer and Prof. Dr. W. Schnick, Institute for Inorganic Chemistry I, University of Bayreuth in the field of molecular precursors for solids, multinuclear NMR Spectroscopy on molecules without hydrogen and carbon
  • since 1997 Head of the toxicological department of the Institute for Forensic Medicine at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (Head: Prof. Dr. P. Betz)
  • 2006 Completion of further training as "Forensic Toxicologist GTFCh"

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last modified: 10.05.2021 15:39 H from