Marianne Baudler

Marianne Baudler (1921-2003): Expert in Phosphorus Chemistry

Foto: GDCh-Bildarchiv

Marianne Baudler's passion belonged to non-metals. The former director of the Institute for Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Cologne was particularly interested in phosphorus compounds.

Marianne Baudler was born on April 27, 1921 as the daughter of the factory owner Fritz Baudler and his wife Clara in Stettin in West Pomerania. She graduated from high school there at the age of 19 and then moved to Dresden to study chemistry. Her diploma thesis, for which she received the rating ?Excellent?, formed a solid basis for an academic Career. For her doctoral thesis, the young scientist joined the working group of the Hungarian-German chemist Franz Fehér (1903-1991) at the Georg-August University in Göttingen. He was a recognized specialist in the chemistry of non-metals and had a decisive influence on Baudler's researcher life.

After completing her dissertation on polysulfuric hydrogen, which Baudler completed in 1946, she worked as a research assistant for her doctoral supervisor in Göttingen until 1949. When Fehér accepted a chair for Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Cologne, she followed him. At the University of Cologne, Baudler received his habilitation in 1959 with a thesis on diphosphoric acids and was appointed associate professor in 1963. A few years later she turned down an offer at the TU Berlin. She should not regret this decision: In 1968 she was appointed personal ordinary and director of the Institute for Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Cologne. The final appointment as full professor took place in 1969.

Baudler remained loyal to non-metals, especially phosphorus, until her retirement in 1986. She was particularly interested in phosphines and other compounds with at least one phosphorus-phosphorus bond. In order to characterize the substances, she used all available spectroscopic methods from IR and Raman spectroscopy to NMR measurements and mass spectrometry.

Baudler has received several awards for her scientific work. Since 1982 she has been a full member of the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. In the year of her retirement, the GDCh awarded her the renowned Alfred Stock Memorial Prize. After Margot Becke-Goehring (1914-2009) she was only the second woman to receive this honor. Marianne Baudler died on March 5, 2003 at the age of 81 in Davos.


  • J. Hahn, Nachrichten aus der Chemie 51, 2003, p. 955
  • University archive Cologne, Zug. 631, NL Prof. Dr. Marianne Baudler

The texts published in this series do not claim to be scientific publication. Authors and other persons involved are not experts in the history of science. The purpose of the series is to introduce the mostly unknown chemists and to remind them of the well-known chemists. We encourage readers who want to know more to study scientific sources on the women presented. In some cases there are detailed chemical-historical studies.

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last modified: 05.07.2021 11:14 H from K.J.Schmitz