Nora Kräutle

Nora Kräutle (1891-1981): The first female graduate from the Technical University of Stuttgart

Nora Kräutle studied chemistry in Stuttgart and was one of the first chemists at the color works in Höchst. But with the wedding in 1919, her professional life ended. Her husband worked in the same company - and that was not wanted.

Eleonore (Nora) Kräutle was born in Stuttgart in 1891. Her father was a senior construction officer at the Royal Württemberg State Railways. After attending secondary school for girls and graduating from the Königin-Charlotte-Gymnasium in Stuttgart, she studied chemistry at the Technical University (TH) in her hometown. With the diploma exam in January 1914 and the award of the academic degree ?Dipl.-Ing. Chemistry ?, she was the first graduate engineer at the TH Stuttgart. She completed her doctoral thesis in the laboratory of Alexander Gutbier (1876-1926), professor of electrochemistry and chemical technology at the TH Stuttgart. After an interruption due to the war, working as a helper for the Red Cross and the Stuttgart Food Office, Kräutle was the first woman to receive her doctorate with distinction at a technical university in the German Reich in July 1915.

She then worked for a year in Heidelberg in the private laboratory of Max Buchner (1866-1934), on whose initiative the German Society for Chemical Apparatus (DECHEMA) was founded in 1926. When Buchner went to Hanover and took up a position at the chemical company Riedel de Haen in Seelze, Kräutle also switched to industry. In January 1917 she started as one of the first chemists at the then "Farbwerke Höchst am Main, formerly Master Lucius & Brüning" in Höchst am Main in Nassau, which was incorporated into Frankfurt am Main a few years later. This company later became the chemical and pharmaceutical company Hoechst AG.

In 1919 Kräutle married her colleague Anton Gramberg (1875-1966). This ended their Career, because it was not appropriate to work as a married couple in the same company. While her husband was advancing his career, the talented chemist was advised to leave the company. The couple also had two children, which she took care of.
Nora Kräutle died in Frankfurt am Main in 1981.

In January 2014, the University of Stuttgart, which emerged from the TH Stuttgart, remembered its first female graduate. For the 100th anniversary of Nora Kräutle's diploma, the university awarded the Prima! Award for the first time. It honors outstanding theses by graduates from the University of Stuttgart.

Nora Kräutle als Studentin im Labor in der Technischen Hochschule (heute: Universität) Stuttgart im Wintersemester 1911/12. Foto: Universitätsarchiv Stuttgart SN89/15DD


G. Hardtmann and N. Hille: The beginnings of women's studies in Württemberg: First female graduates from the TH Stuttgart. An anniversary publication, Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2014

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The texts published in this series do not claim to be scientific publications. Authors and other people involved are not experts in the history of science. The purpose of the series is to introduce the mostly unknown women chemists and to remind you of the well-known women chemists. We encourage readers who want to know more to study academic Literature on the women featured. In some cases there are detailed chemical-historical works.

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Photo: University Archives Stuttgart SN89 / 15DD

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last modified: 21.07.2021 09:59 H from M.Fries